The Ultimate Guide for Startups Employing Overseas Workers

You may have questions about how to employ overseas workers for your business especially if you have a startup company that plans to operate overseas. We have put together a guide explaining your options, and how you can easily employ overseas workers without setting up multiple branch offices in foreign destinations.

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Nov 12, 2018

How to Employ Overseas Workers

There are two basic choices when it comes to employing a worker overseas: employee or independent contractor.  There are pros and cons for each, and distinct methods for engagement, supervision and payment.

Startups venturing into foreign markets have to be aware of their limitations in complying with local rules and regulations, and will often look to outsource the employment and payment functions for both contractors and employees.

Hire as Contractor 

The first inclination for a startup may be to hire independent contractors, since it can keep labor costs down as you venture into a new market.  One of the challenges for startups are keeping costs in control, and ICs can be up to 40% less expensive than an employee doing similar work.

Although this sounds good, there are pitfalls with hiring contractors overseas, and the risks have to be closely managed.  The chief financial risk is having your contractor reclassified as an employee, and being liable for back withholding on taxes and benefits.  Some countries, such as China prohibit the use of ICs altogether, forcing companies to use only employees for both locals and expats alike.

The advantages of using contractors include no need to meet local employment and payroll rules, and the low administrative burden for your startup.

Reasons Not to Hire Contractors:

Increased Immigration Scrutiny of Business Activity

Immigration authorities may view using independent contractors as a way of circumventing work permit and visa requirements for normal employees.  They could scrutinize their activity and position to make sure they are really functioning as independent contractors and not ‘stealth’ employees.

Some ICs may not abide by work permit or withholding requirements on their own, further exposing your company to non-compliance if they behave like employees.

Too Large a Workforce – Exceeds Local Limits

Some countries will have a limit on percentage of expat workers of any type in relation to local workers.  There may also be limits on how many contractors vs. employees are engaged (such as the 10% maximum IC limit in Philippines) to prevent abuse of the contractor relationship.

Workers May Prefer to Be Employees

In many cases, both expats and locals may want the benefits and legal protections afforded to employees, rather than shouldering the burden of handling their own in country compliance.

Even contractors who initially agree may change their mind at some point and make a claim for employment benefits.   For this reason, there may be advantages to shifting existing contractors into an employment relationship if your startup’s commitment to a country is increasing.

Hire as Employee 

Whether sending workers from your home country or hiring locals in the destination, employees are typically more costly than ICs and will require more attention to legal compliance.  If you go the DIY route, that will require local incorporation and setting up a compliant payroll, which for a startup may mean excessive cost and time more

Shield GEO makes international employment simple. Our customers use Shield GEO to employ and payroll hundreds of workers in over fifty countries. Find out more. 

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Tim Burgess

Director, Shield GEO Services Ltd

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